The unexpected Greeks
Athens, Greece | historical, family, museum
Discover the National Archaeological Museum of Athens through the greatest masterpieces of the ancient greek art. Travel from the famous volcano of Santorini to the banks of Nile, through stories filled with myths and legends about gods and humans.
Clio Muse is the awarded tour guide app for exhibitions and themed city walks. It curates the best cultural stories according to a specific methodology.
included in this tour
for you to discover
SEA OF FIRE | THERA
The island of Thera was considerably more verdant before the volcanic eruption that buried Akrotiri and created today’s arid landscape in Santorini. Olive trees, palm trees, cypresses and a variety of flowers grew on the island. Crocuses and lilies were a popular motif in the island’s art. The Madonna lily, which is the lily variety depicted on the walls of the house here, was often used to create scent for perfume, while its oil served as a remedy for venomous snake bites. Usually the weight of the flower causes the stem to droop but the artists chose to depict it straight, an allusion to the awakening of nature in spring.
A RECIPE FOR SUCCESS | CLASSICAL
Athens introduced the worship of the goat-footed Pan following the Battle of Marathon in 490 BCE. According to a legend as narrated by the historian Herodotus, the Athenian messenger Pheidippides was returning from Sparta, where he had sought assistance in the fight against the Persians, when he encountered Pan, in the mountains of Arcadia. The god asked him why the Athenians refused to honour him, when he had assisted them in the past and would do so again in the future. The Athenians believed that the god’s presence in Marathon was the reason for the panic felt by the Persians and their ultimate defeat. To honour him, they established a sanctuary in a cave on the northwest slopes of the Acropolis.
A BRAVE ALMOST NEW WORLD | HELLENISTIC
Disheveled hair indicated that the person was outside the proper order of things (philosophers, the elderly, or persons in mourning). Proper social order required a proper haircut. Barbers became popular in the 5th century BCE and catered to a wide range of needs: haircuts, beard trimming, removal of warts, the plucking of stray body hair. Their shops were popular meeting places. Generally speaking, adult men had beards while boys did not. Women attended to their personal hairstyles at home. Aristotle believed that moisture inside the body sustained the growth of hair. Sexual intercourse drained semen and therefore moisture, leading to male baldness. Men with thick hair were considered lustful.